there are many factors to take in such as what strain has the best terpenes? What strain is ideal for your room? what lighting to use? What nutrients to use? It can be confusing at first but I can help you with all this stuff but first you have to know the difference between sativas and indica
Sativa vs Indica:
Indica and sativa strains each have their own unique effects. Sativa strains are more stimulating, while indicas tend to be more psychoactive.
The high from sativa strains is energizing, cerebral and well suited for daytime use. A feeling of well-being and ease is often associated with sativas, making them ideal for social situations. They are also said to promote deep conversation and enhance creativity.
Indica strains tend to have an opposite effect. They provide a “couch lock” or body high that is well suited for nights when you just want to wind down and be in your own head. Indica’s are often used to relieve stress and aid with sleep.
Sativas have a higher CBD:THC ratio, while indicas have a higher THC:CBD ratio. Naturally, both have their own unique benefits as well.
What’s better during the day?
A sativa strain would be the preferred choice for a daytime high.
The effects of sativas are largely cerebral, focusing on the mind, and typically will not cause that sleepy body high associated with indicas.
Sativas are known for being energetic and uplifting — the perfect choice for getting things done during the day, rather than relaxing on the couch.
Both sativas and indicas usually have high THC, but the comparatively high levels of CBD in sativa strains allow for the euphoric and energizing effects to dominate. Certain sativa strains are not recommended for people with anxiety or rapid heart rates as they can cause anxiety attacks or the heart to beat faster so a hybrid or indica might be more beneficial in these cases.
What’s better during the night?
It’s a great feeling to finally get home to relax and unwind after a long day, and Indica strains are perfect for that laid back, evening mood.
Indica is best known for its relaxing effects, making it a great choice for sinking into the couch to catch up on some good TV shows.
Often described as a “body buzz” or “couch lock”, indicas produce a sleepy body high and spacey mental effects, which while not ideal for productivity are excellent for ending the day.
Many people also find that the sleepy feelings help with insomnia, or even to simply wind down and get to bed on time.
Hybrids are strains of cannabis bred with both Indica and sativa genes. They can take after either parent, or be a blend of both. The goal is usually to create a strain with desirable characteristics from each parent.
Hybrids are actually quite common, and many popular Indica and sativa strains have hybridization somewhere in their ancestry.
In some cases, a hybrid strain may be more characteristic of one species (Indica or sativa).
These strains are referred to as Indica-dominant or sativa-dominant. For example, Northern Lights is a 90% Indica-dominant strain.
Hybridization, also known as crossbreeding, can be useful for many different reasons.
Growers consider Indica, with its 6 to 8-week maturation time and it’s shorter, hardier stature to be easier to cultivate, and so it can be helpful to breed some of these characteristics into sativa strains.
Crossbreeding can also be used to “mellow out” a sativa strain that tends to cause paranoia, or to decrease the tiredness caused by a certain type of Indica.
These new hybrid strains can produce a range of different highs, and growers will often have a specific set of effects they’re trying to achieve when crossbreeding.
Sometimes the best things happen by accident — but others, like the Web strain (a high CBD strain used to treat children with severe epilepsy), were the result of careful selection.
Since different strains can produce such different effects, the medical community has had to learn which strains are best suited to specific conditions.
This trial and error process can be costly, and can result in patients picking strains that don’t work for them.
Luckily, there are tendencies within the Indica and sativa groups that can help patients make the most informed decision possible when choosing a medication. (Until science catches up, it’s the most effective system we have.)
Indica’s are best for physical ailments such as pain and inflammation, and sativas are best for mental conditions such as depression and ADHD.
However, there are certainly exceptions based on the individual.
Common Uses of Indica
There are plenty of conditions that may benefit more from an Indica rather than sativa, and they tend to be physical, chronic ailments.
Patients dealing with conditions like multiple sclerosis, glaucoma, chronic pain, Crohn’s disease, and sleep disorders tend to benefit from Indica’s full-bodied, muscle relaxing effects.
Indica’s are excellent for pain relief, and since the endocannabinoid system affects all parts of the body, including the digestive system, it is also an ideal candidate for treating nausea or stimulating appetite.
Indica can also be used to treat anxiety, while many find that sativas can exacerbate anxiety or create paranoia.
Sativa strains can also be used for moderate relief of these conditions, and some patients will trade the increased relief of indicas for the energy-boosting effect of sativas during the day.
Common Uses of Sativa
Due to its cerebral, optimistic, and energizing effects, sativas are a great choice when treating mental ailments.
Sativa strains are often used to treat conditions like anxiety, ADD/ADHD, depression, and other mood disorders.
The stimulating effect of sativa strains can improve mental focus and inspire creativity, which is excellent for those with ADD/ADHD.
On the other hand, the optimistic and mood-enhancing effects of sativas are great for those with depression and anxiety.
However, some people may find that certain sativa strains increase their anxiety, so it is always important to test out a new strain before committing to it as a medication.